CRIMINAL CASES Pre-production begins with the stage of initiation of criminal proceedings According to the article, the reason for the initiation of criminal proceedings are: the statement of offence; voluntary surrender; the message on the perfect or preparing crime, received of other sources. the decision of the Prosecutor on the direction of the appropriate materials to the body of preliminary investigation for the decision of a question on criminal prosecution. The basis for excitation of criminal case is the presence of sufficient data indicating signs of a crime In accordance with the criminal procedure code, the accused and his defender